CCACHE

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About ccache

ccache is a fast compiler cache. When you compile a program, it will cache intermediate results so that, whenever you recompile the same program, the compilation time is greatly reduced. In common compilations this can result in 5 to 10 times faster compilation times.

If you are interested in the ins and outs of ccache, please visit the ccache homepage.

To install ccache, run emerge ccache:

Code Listing 3.1: Installing ccache

emerge ccache

Activating Portage Support

Open /etc/make.conf and add ccache to the FEATURES variable. Next, add a new variable called CCACHE_SIZE and set it to "2G":

Code Listing 3.2: Editing CCACHE_SIZE in /etc/make.conf

# CCACHE_SIZE sets the space limitations for ccache. The default size is
#     "2G", or 2 gigabytes.  Units are specified with 'G', 'M', or 'K'.
#
#CCACHE_SIZE="512M"
CCACHE_SIZE="2G"
# CCACHE_DIR sets the ccache path.  If not specified, portage will default
#     to "${PORTAGE_TMPDIR}/ccache".
#
#     Note that to display ccache statistics outside of portage, you must
#     remember to give the correct path to the cache.
#
#        $ CCACHE_DIR=/var/tmp/ccache ccache -s 
#
#CCACHE_DIR="${PORTAGE_TMPDIR}/ccache"

To check if ccache functions, ask ccache to provide you with its statistics. Because Portage uses a different ccache home directory, you need to set the CCACHE_DIR variable as well:

Code Listing 3.3: Viewing ccache statistics

CCACHE_DIR="/var/tmp/ccache" ccache -s

The /var/tmp/ccache location is Portage' default ccache home directory; if you want to alter this setting you can set the CCACHE_DIR variable in /etc/make.conf.

However, if you would run ccache, it would use the default location of ${HOME}/.ccache, which is why you needed to set the CCACHE_DIR variable when asking for the (Portage) ccache statistics.

Using ccache for non-Portage C Compiling

If you would like to use ccache for non-Portage compilations, add /usr/lib/ccache/bin to the beginning of your PATH variable (before /usr/bin). This can be accomplished by editing .bash_profile in your user's home directory. Using .bash_profile is one way to define PATH variables.

Code Listing 3.4: Editing .bash_profile

PATH="/usr/lib/ccache/bin:/opt/bin:${PATH}"